Collegiate Claptrap

The suits are wildly spinning for ‘GBH in Boston, in wake of the takeover of the student station at Bryant University. Bean counters at Bryant — acting the good industrialist as ‘GBH honchos did in busting up their union — have now begun to put that most favorable light on this latest acquisition, to wit: “Bryant partnership with WGBH provides new tech platforms for student radio station.” This is akin to saying “layoffs create whole new world to experience in unemployment.” The word from Boston is equally giddy in its assessment of the move, which will consign student radio to the purgatory of HD radio and online:

“We are absolutely delighted to be returning to an area with so much vibrant cultural activity, and look forward to sharing it with the rest of the region,” said Benjamin Roe, WGBH managing director for classical services, in a press release.

In related news, doings at WDUQ hit the national radar in Tom Taylor’s newsletter, here:

The feared mass layoff at Pittsburgh’s WDUQ (90.5) is happening, as one poster on the Pittsburgh Board at said it would. The new Essential Public Media is buying WDUQ for $6 million and initiating an LMA on July 1. The Post-Gazette confirms that the current staff, more than 20 fulltimers and parttimers, got termination notices. Now the question is — will Essential Public Media re-hire any of them? It’s still going to be doing a limited amount of jazz, as it re-formats to mostly news and talk. The paper’s Adrian McCoy says the buyer is retaining director of development Fred Serino and business manager Vicky Rumpf for the LMA period.

DUQ has been absorbed into the NPR borg, thanks in large part to the machinations (double-dealing, some would say) of Public Radio Capital in its freshlly minted Public Media Co. — a move that slices the hours of jazz programming from 100 to 6, as noted in this blog:

If the online outcry is any indication, there will be a lengthy period of discord over the manner in which the removal of jazz from these free public airwaves is being accomplished. Those who have been most vocal have said that a healthy compromise somewhere between the 100 hours of jazz being aired on 90.5 now, and the 6 that is currently planned for, would be fine with them. Their plea does not appear to be intractable, even in spite of an effort to boycott membership in both stations. Why does WYEP’s silence in response seem that way?…

From the sound of the rhetoric, the management of WYEP has made up its mind, and is not inclined to listen to the pleas of jazz fans around the area to keep more of this music on analog FM. The deaf ear they appear to have turned to the complaints is not in keeping with a community media resource, and has fueled too much speculation along with the bad feelings.

Perhaps they just think that the spectrum is too valuable to continue to commit so much airtime to what they may perceive as a “niche” audience. If that’s the case, their approach is antithetical to their origins. Perhaps they have truly forgotten from whence they came. Too bad.

As this post in March on the Bloomberg Businessweek site, “Making Public Radio a Little More Private,”  notes, the pace for acquisition of the cherry student stations has accelerated in response to perceived threats to federal funding:

Some media executives in Pasadena, Calif., think they may be able to save public radio by making it less public. They’re using business tactics rarely employed in the tame world of local public radio to create a megastation they hope will one day beam its signal from Santa Barbara to San Diego. By building a mini-empire of local stations, they say they’ll be able to better distribute the fixed costs of radio broadcasting and draw on a much larger audience for the donations and corporate sponsorships that could keep them afloat if government funding dries up.

Those plans are taking shape in the $25 million, one-year-old studios of KPCC, the flagship station for Southern California Public Radio. SCPR already owns or operates three stations and is on the hunt for more.

The Southern Cal group, which snapped up beloved station KUSF in San Francisco in its quest to go more corporate, is not shy about its goals:

SCPR’s stations currently reach 14 million listeners, but the board hopes to nearly double that, to 25 million. “If we can buy a station, we will,” says Crawford. “Where we can’t, we’ll build translators to boost our signal. This is a new business model for public radio.”



The following is a release in its entirety from the supporters of WRVU in Nashville in response to the actions of the board, selling the student station to the NPR borg:


Well, it ain’t Truthin’

One of the main purposes of this website is to simply archive all of the information surrounding the proposed VSC sale of WRVU that was announced September of last year with the goal of providing a full record so everyone can have access to the facts. For starters, it is critical to note that WRVU has long historically been a student-operated organization . . . until very recently. Until recently the VSC itself was nearly entirely run by the student heads of each of the represented media organizations (radio, print, tv, etc). What makes the recent events so galling to so many is that that under reconfigurations directed by Chris Carroll (Media Advisor), the VSC and the student controlled media groups have been hijacked by ‘adults.’ The VSC and their growing paid adult staff have strong-armed control away from the students and into the hands of a paid ‘professional’ (and expensive) staff who take on many of the day-to-day operation duties and, as such, important responsibilities.

A natural outcome of this ‘adult’ take-over of a student-run VSC is this agreed sale of WRVU, which you will notice has two and only two vocal proponents: Mark Wollaeger (VSC Chair) and Chris Carroll (Media Adviser). Other than the insipid comments of student Justin Tardiff, there has been little to no vocal support of this sale idea from ANYONE. Yet, against the avalanche of protests and complaints opposing the sale, Wollaegher and Carroll clearly had been actively conducting the sale, all the while, at the same time assuring concerned students that they would be informed about the whole process and be apprised about VSC’s consideration of other options. Numerous efforts in all manners have been attempted to get the VSC to provide more information, to answer direct questions, and to consider better options. Some of these attempts are included here in this site. The record shows that these attempts and student protests and concerns where routinely ignored by Carroll and Wollaeger — who, it turns out, are the only people whose opinion matters, evidently. WRVU staff members were repeatedly denied entrance to VSC meetings, direct questions were provided uselessly evasive answers, and letters were never answered.

By looking at the archived information included in this site you will continue to see how shameless Carroll and Wollaeger are in being deceptive. We are hesitant in calling it lyin’ but it sure as hell ain’t truthin’. Take the following quotes from Chris Carroll in the recent June 8 Student Press Law Center article:


For Carroll, though, the decision-making process has been ‘more open and public than any I’ve heard of before.’

‘We wanted just the opposite of secrecy,’ he said. ‘Anyone who asked [VSC] any questions was given an
answer. We could not have been more visible and accessible.’

Apart from a formal discussion with WRVU supporters at an October board meeting, Carroll said VSC has never been presented with any ‘legitimate’ feedback.

‘There were a lot of people who said ‘don’t take away my radio station,’ but there weren’t any who presented a viable solution,’ he said. ‘The reality is that, in nine months since our initial announcement, there have been no attempts to communicate with the board.’

Most attempts to advocate for WRVU, Carroll added, have been directed toward the university’s administration, which he said is not the legal license holder of the station.

Each sentence by Carroll above strays heavily from ‘truthin’.’

1) ‘more open and public than any I’ve heard of before.’
The glaring omission here, of course, is that the bar is set very low by the despicable way that college radio (see KTRU and WUSF) has been treated as of late. With the bar set so low, it is easy to show improvement, but, alas, Wollaeger and Carroll have found a way to trip over it.

By using ‘at least I am less evil than Hitler’ type logic you can say that that he and Wollaeger are indeed ‘more open and public’ than the public relations disasters that are the University’s actions in regard to KTRU and WUSF. The truth is though, that Wollaeger and Carroll employed the exact same deceptive methods as these shameful other examples, but with the added benefit adding a public doe-eyed hand-wringing made for public release. Bravo, Carroll.

2)’We wanted just the opposite of secrecy,’ he said. ‘Anyone who asked [VSC] any questions was given an answer. We could not have been more visible and accessible.’
There might be some truth to the above statement if you are grading on a heavy curve. Wollaeger and Carroll provided half-truths, promised follow-up that never came, and otherwise stonewalled any intelligent discourse. For starters, the following letter sent to Carroll never received acknowledgement much less a response. You can listen to Wollaeger provide a series of empty promises that were never followed up on here.

3) Apart from a formal discussion with WRVU supporters at an October board meeting, Carroll said VSC has never been presented with any “legitimate” feedback.
This is a bald assertion. The VSC has admitted that they have received well over 300 letters (a small sampling here) all against the sale of WRVU. The VSC received 2 letters (see Sept 27 and Oct 4 entries in Timeline) from alumni with combined over 136 years of WRVU dj experience and 28 combined years of student voting members of Vanderbilt Student Communications (VSC). A letter was sent to the VSC from 21 faculty members and deans of Vanderbilt’s Blair School of Music as well (see here). Wollaeger and Carroll provided no acknowledgement of receipt and certainly no intelligent response. We also know that the VSC have received letters from internationally known titans of TV, radio, and print media who got their formative experience at WRVU that illustrated in letters the importance of WRVU very clearly, but the super geniuses at the VSC couldn’t be bothered. The arrogance and abusive attitudes of these ‘super-geniuses’ were even openly mocked in Vanderbilt’s humor magazine, The Slant (see here).

4) ‘There were a lot of people who said ‘don’t take away my radio station,’ but there weren’t any who presented a viable solution,’ he said. ‘The reality is that, in nine months since our initial announcement, there have been no attempts to communicate with the board.’
How is this for a viable solution?
We at SaveWRVU suspect that the real problem is the bloat associated with the growing paid VSC staff. We fear that an endowment created by the WRVU license sale would not assist with the operating costs of any of its member media organizations but, instead, will become a means of sustaining an ever-increasing professional (i.e., non-student) VSC staff. At 5% yearly return on this $3.35M sale price the VSC will receive $170k annually, which is less than the recent ‘adult’ bloat that just a few years was totally unnecessary as all these responsibilities were conducted by the students. You want a solutions? Revert the VSC and associated media groups back to the students and you will save more per year than you will gain from this wretched license sale and killing a treasured student organization.

5) Most attempts to advocate for WRVU, Carroll added, have been directed toward the university’s administration, which he said is not the legal license holder of the station.
Again, some truth to this. It became clear to anyone reasonable person that the VSC had their minds made up and held a contemptible position to the value of WRVU and its supporters. What is someone to do if they want their voice heard and find themselves being stonewalled by the VSC? They go to the administration. To say that Vanderbilt University has no say in this is also false. WRVU and the VSC is funded by student-paid activity fees. Vanderbilt remains the owner of WRVU and must sign-off on any transfer per FCC guidelines. WRVU stands for We aRe Vanderbilt University.

Pigs Can’t Fly

Selling Low in Nashville

The writing is on the wall in Music City: Vanderbilt student station WRVU, a fixture for nearly 60 years, appears to have been sold down the river. As noted here in a piece on Radio Survivor by Jennifer Waits here in an article on CMJ by Kodi McKinney, and here on Tom Taylor’s newsletter, station suits acted after the spring session ended, changing the call letters to WFCL on June 1st, suggesting that WRVU’s license may have been sold by the VSC. No one on the staff was informed of the move.

As Kodi wrote, “VSC president Chris Carroll said he was waiting to hear from an attorney that handled the FCC filings and declined to comment otherwise.” You may remember Carroll, aka the Station Slayer for his role in selling off two other college stations, from this post, where he nobly proclaimed that at least they weren’t Rice:

At Vanderbilt, [Carroll] said, “what’s happening, really, is a big public discussion about is this a good idea or not, and there’s no conclusion to that yet.” Rice, he said, made the decision to sell KTRU behind closed doors — without student input.

Yet here we are, looking up at that lonely high road… Mr. White Hat at least hasn’t padlocked the station doors, as at KUSF, and given the workers the bum’s rush out to the curb — yet.

Kodi’s article lists some of those involved in the high-spirited defense of the station, besides its 6,000-strong Facebook page and website (links on right):

WRVU alumni, staff members and supporters have been vocally opposed to a sale of its broadcasting license. The Pledge Nothing campaign has urged Vanderbilt donors to pledge lengthy suspensions of donations to the university until plans to sell the license are abandoned. Most recently, WRVU general manager Robert Ackley pledged to eschew donating for eight years. Alumni speaking out in opposition include CNN anchor Richard Quest and Facebook’s vice president of technology, Jeff Rothschild, both former managers at WRVU. Public Enemy’s Chuck D also came out publicly to support WRVU during Record Store Day, joining artists such as 10,000 Maniacs and Jason And The Scorchers.

As Pete Wilson remarked on the Facebook page:

It has been very demoralizing to be treated as an adversary and kept in the dark by the corporation which is supposed to facilitate and promote Vanderbilt student media, not buy and sell it. Not only did the Board of the past year have no one on it with any official connection to WRVU, but nobody representing WRVU was even ALLOWED IN the final meeting of the year, nor was any information given about what exactly would be discussed, other than that “nothing irrevocable” (I believe that is a direct quote from a conversation I had with the chairman before the meeting began; if not, it’s a very fair paraphrase) would be done at that meeting. This has all been said before but I say it again because I am still struck by the glaring lack of consideration shown both students and hard-working non-student volunteers like me.

This is the new reality: teaching our students how the real world works. In the dark, behind their backs.

Expect word to come out in the coming days, the same mealy-mouthed self-justification and concerted obfuscation that VSC has spouted from the beginning, with the same  assertions that “we know best what’s good for you” — as promulgated by the seven full-time staff members of the VSC that now suck up a vast majority of the budget for the organization. (As noted here “The annual outlay of VSC on WRVU’s behalf, on the other hand, is minimal — less than or equal to the salary of just one of the seven current full-time staff members,” where once a single paid staff member sufficed.)

At work here is a cold calculation of those seeking to cash in on what students have built over the years into a vibrant part of the Music City scene. There has been from the outset a dogged determination to evade or ignore what has been presented in rebuttal to the overbroad assertions of the bean counters wielding the cudgel. They had their agenda and just waited for the “appropriate” time — i.e., when students were away.

But that does take care of that pesky, “undesirable” element associated with this student station — which, from all indications, is too independent, too alternative for the buttoned-down bureaucrats running this show…

The Boston Borg

The ‘GBH borg in Boston keeps gobbling up stations in the region. WGBH is taking over the Bryant University station WJMF in Smithfield, RI, and facilitating a power increase from 225 to 1200 watts for WJMF, which, as of August, will become a simulcast of WCRB “99.5 All Classical,” the classical music station acquired by WGBH in 2009. The ‘GBH website bills this as “a partnership between Boston public broadcaster WGBH and Bryant University,” though that partnership shunts the students off to HD purgatory. The post shills this as giving students a wonderful opportunity to join the Brave New World of radio:

The reciprocal arrangement will give Bryant students the opportunity to learn from WGBH digital and broadcast technology experts during the summer in preparation for an August transition. WGBH has been a pioneer in expanding classical music onto new platforms, with live streaming, dedicated online streams, an all-classical HD channel, podcasts and mobile applications.

“Bryant has just taken a strategic step in a new direction with a terrific partner,” said Bryant University President Ronald K. Machtley, “I am thrilled that this collaboration returns classical music broadcasts to Rhode Island while providing our students hands-on opportunities to master leading-edge technologies for delivery of WJMF music, sports programming, and talk shows not just in New England but throughout the country.”

The arrangement involves no capital commitment on behalf of WGBH, and Bryant University plans to maximize the 88.7 signal by increasing its power from 225 watts to 1200 watts by virtue of a recently awarded construction permit from the FCC.

Comments were not so bright and cheery:

WGBH taking over WCRB; Biggest disappointment of the past 10 years. Very little or no locally produced programming. Same old same old; announcers full of wind and blab and gab which gets in the way of any interesting programmes. Announcers so full of their own importance, that the main object seems to be the blowing of one’s own trumpet. And those bloody birds!!! Robert J. Lartzema spent the last 25 years of his life alienating thousands of WGBH listeners by waking everyone up to the dawn chorus, and now some chin-less wonder has decided to bring back the birds (hardly original!) C’mon, let’s hear some original programming!!!! Thank God for the “off” switch. —Wil Davis

As a Bryant alum, I have to say this is absolutely awful! My parents used to listen to my radio show on 88.7 every week. It was great knowing that the local community could potentially come across your show on their radio. I don’t understand what Bryant is getting out of this deal. No one has an HD radio. If Bryant students want to learn from GBH, they can apply for internships! —E

WCRB lost coverage of Rhode Island and areas south of Boston in 2006 when a previous ownership change resulted in a move from a powerful Boston frequency to a frequency well to the north of Boston in Lowell. Then, when WGBH acquired WCRB in 2009 and dropped all classical music from their 100,000-watt signal from Blue Hill for a Public Radio news/talk single format, classical music could no longer be heard in most of Rhode Island on analog radio. (The handful of people who happen to own HD radios can hear WCRB simulcast on WGBH’s HD2 signal.)

WGBH is expecting that the 1200-watt WJMF will bring the WCRB classical programming back onto analog radio in most of Rhode Island and also much of southeastern Massachusetts.

So, what happens to the Bryant University students who had been programming WJMF since 1972? They will soon be relegated to a new WJMF HD2 channel developed for them by the saints at WGBH (and will continue to stream on the internet). As Jennifer Waits notes on Radio Survivor, it’s par for the course that this change was announced after the end of the semester:

So far I’m only seeing official statements about this deal and haven’t caught wind of any protests from angry students, alumni or listeners. It’s notable that this was announced a few weeks after the end of the semester when I’m assuming not many students or faculty are present on campus. I can’t assume from the statement on the WJMF website that students, DJs, and listeners are necessarily in favor of these changes, as it will mean that their station will not be accessible to terrestrial listeners who do not own HD radios.

In the very least, the timing of ‘GBH’s latest venture is curious, as it recently beat down protests from union members and forced its “final solution” on the rank and file. That whole onerous episode didn’t in the least seem to dampen its vigorous pursuit of a media manifest destiny.

The First Cut Is the Deepest

Writing here on Radio Survivor, Jennifer Waits warns of another college radio station in imminent danger of being absorbed into the borg — this time station WXLV, owned by Lehigh Carbon Community College in Schnecksville, Pennsylvania:

According to an article in the South Whitehall Patch, the administration recently had the station appraised as part of their process of evaluating ways to cut costs on campus. Although the university has not made a final decision about selling the station, they have already learned that a public radio station and Christian radio broadcasters are interested in buying the FM frequency. The article states:

“The college is in a mode of belt-tightening, given a 10 percent cut in the state budget for community colleges currently on the table. That would translate to a $1.3 million reduction in LCCC’s annual budget, [LCCC’s Associate dean for institutional advancement Heather L.]  Kuhns said. And that would come after three years during which the state’s allocation to community colleges had been frozen in place.

The decision whether to sell or keep the radio station will have to come from the trustees, Kuhns said. If they do make that decision, the process of determining the buyer and sale price would be a public one, Kuhns said.”

The group has formed a Facebook page (link on right), “Save Your Radio, 90.3 WXLV Up for Sale,” and rallied to gain support then put up a site with a petition to oppose any sale (here) — with more than 1,000 names already. As Jennifer notes, the petition site intro says as follows:

WXLV is the biggest community force within LCCC and fosters a large community of over a hundred volunteers and thousands of supporters. These people are donating innumerable hours of time to kindle this fire. It would be a great loss to the community and reputation of LCCC to put out this passionate blaze.

Talk Talk

San Diego radio station KPBS has dropped its classical music, joining the NPR borg with all talk all the time, according to this post on Those fans of the homogenized classical to be dumped will have to listen online — or throw the dice and buy an HD radio if they want to follow it. Six of one, half-dozen of the other — canned talk or canned music:

KPBS’s classical music service, which is essentially a feed of American Public Media’s Classical 24, has moved online and to an HD Radio channel. Programmers plan to feature local music performances on weekends.

This post on the Voice of San Diego site notes that it’s tough beans for classic-music buffs now:

Until now, KPBS has been trying to embrace two missions: fill the hole in local radio news programming left by cutbacks at commercial stations and offer nighttime classical music to listeners who don’t have many other options on the dial. The only full-time classical music station serving San Diego is based in Tijuana, and it doesn’t have regular on-air hosts.

KPBS will only offer classical music programming through a 24-hour website stream and two subchannels on HD Radio, which is just available to listeners with specially equipped radios. The station will offer local classical music programs on some weekend evenings.

John Decker, KPBS’s programming director, said the station doesn’t expect to lose the wealthy listeners who like the classical programming and contribute donations. “They have money, they’re older, they’re upscale, yeah, but they also listen to news programming,” he said, predicting that they’ll continue to do so.

Dirty Money

  • Jenn Ettinger of sent out an email yesterday that provides a blatant example of the revolving door in politics — whereby a government regulator slides greasily into a high-paid position with a regulatee (in this case, before her term even expired):

Free Press Blasts Comcast-FCC Merger
WASHINGTON — Federal Communications Commissioner Meredith Atwell Baker [a Republican appointee] reportedly will be departing the agency in June to take a job with Comcast-NBC — a company whose multi-billion mega-merger she approved just four months ago.

Free Press President and CEO Craig Aaronmade the following statement:

“Less than four months after Commissioner Baker voted to approve Comcast’s takeover of NBC Universal, she’s reportedly departing the FCC to lobby for Comcast-NBC. This is just the latest — though perhaps most blatant — example of a so-called public servant cashing in at a company she is supposed to be regulating.

“As recently as March, Commissioner Baker gave a speech lamenting that review of the Comcast-NBC deal ‘took too long.’ What we didn’t know then was that she was in such a rush to start picking out the drapes in her new corner office.

“No wonder the public is so nauseated by business as usual in Washington — where the complete capture of government by industry barely raises any eyebrows. The continuously revolving door at the FCC continues to erode any prospects for good public policy. We hope — but won’t hold our breath — that her replacement will be someone who is not just greasing the way for their next industry job.”

Small wonder we call our government watchdogs toothless old mutts… You get as much protection from a stuffed animal as you do from most “regulators.”

  • Radio professionals are watching closely what results from a recent complaint to the FCC, as noted in Tom Taylor’s newsletter:


The Jersey Shore “Thunder Country” hears static from Clear Channel’s new translator in New York.
Press-owned WKMK, Eatontown shares the 106.3 frequency with the moved-in translator that Clear Channel’s using for its new signal in midtown Manhattan. Clear Channel doesn’t actually own the 100-watt signal that used to be just 1-watt at 106.5. But they’ve got a deal to simulcast an HD-2 channel on it and have been rotating through various formats from iHeartRadio since last week. (TRI still thinks they’ll eventually choose smooth jazz, but we’ll see very soon.) Here’s what “Thunder Country” is saying about the supposed interloper — “We are aware that many of our listeners in the counties of Middlesex, Somerset, Hunterdon, Morris, Passaic, Union, Bergen, Essex, Hudson as well as Staten Island, Brooklyn, Long Island and Lower Manhattan are experiencing interference with our Thunder 106.3 signal…We have become aware that a New York radio station is sending out a signal that is on the same frequency. We have already contacted the FCC about the interference and are making every attempt to have the interference stopped immediately. In the meantime, we could use your help” — and it provides a form on the webpage here to report problems picking up “Thunder.” Now, the 60 dBu contour of Class A WKMK doesn’t get much outside of its home Monmouth County, but it’s probably enjoyed some bonus coverage with nobody else in the neighborhood. That just changed with the Clear Channel deal.

To date, the FCC hasn’t given a tinker’s dam that the major consolidators in radio are using translators to slide around the cap on the number of radio stations a conglomerate can have in a given market — since there’s an outside chance that this might somehow validate the major blunder — by the FCC as well as Big Radio and NPR — of HD radio by monetizing it in some fairy-tale future.

  • is the latest to check in on the absorption of college radio into the borg, notes Austin Airwaves’ Jim Radio. This piece by Steve Behrens gives a fair synopsis of what has transpired lately:

Houston: Rice University students’ KTRU-FM couldn’t wait until noon for the Minute of Silence; it left the air at 6 that morning and Rice is selling it to pubradio station KUHF at the University of Houston. KTRU Station Manager Kevin Bush stayed up until 6 to join in the goodbyes. The station will continue to operate online at and on an HD Radio channel of Pacifica’s KPFT, but Bush expects the audience will be dramatically smaller. The students’ last-minute agitation had no hope of stopping the sale of 90.7, he says, but it could help win school funds for a website upgrade.

Nashville: At Vanderbilt University, it’s not the administration but Vanderbilt Student Communications that owns and proposes to sell student-run WRVU-FM, 90.1 MHz, hoping to get $3.5 million to $5 million to invest in an endowment for student media. WRVU would continue to operate online. The nonprofit owner of WRVU, the student newspaper and other campus media, is run by a nine-member board that includes six students. The group’s FAQ says that shrinking numbers of students listen to broadcast radio.

Also in Nashville: On Feb. 18, Trevecca Nazarene University’s contemporary Christian music station WNAZ, 89.1 MHz, gave way to WECV, a Christian talk station operated by the buyer, Community Radio Inc., the nonprofit branch of Bott Radio Network of Kansas City. A repeater in Dickson, Tenn., and two translators also were sold.

Mobile, Ala.: On March 21, the University of Alabama approved purchase of WHIL-FM in Mobile, expanding the university’s Alabama Public Radio net. Spring Hill College sold the station for $1.1 million after operating it for 30 years. The buyer will provide a classical/news schedule similar to WHIL’s. [WHIL posted this notice to listeners.]

San Francisco: Student station KUSF-FM went online-only in January when the University of San Francisco sold its frequency, 90.3 MHz, to the city’s classical radio station KDFC in a complex multistation deal. Los Angeles pubradio powerhouse KUSC bought two Bay Area frequencies when it acquired KDFC from Entercom Communications. Entercom exited the classical format, making off with KDFC’s former channel.

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