Engineer-Speak for “Dud”

This post, “Radio’s digital dilemma: broadcasting in the 21st century,” on the University of Illinois website, pretty much says it all — Big Money (and NPR) muscled compliant FCC into a system designed to make a few people rich and thwart competition, ends up being trash:

The interaction of policy and technological development in the era of “convergence” is messy and fraught with contradictions. The best expression of this condition is found in the story behind the development and proliferation of digital audio broadcasting (DAB). Radio is the last of the traditional mass media to navigate the convergence phenomenon; convergence itself has an inherently disruptive effect on traditional media forms. However, in the case of radio, this disruption is mostly self-induced through the cultivation of communications policies which thwart innovation. A dramaturgical analysis of digital radio’s technological and policy development reveals that the industry’s preferred mode of navigating the convergence phenomenon is not designed to provide the medium with a realistically useful path into a 21st century convergent media environment. Instead, the diffusion of “HD Radio” is a blocking mechanism proffered to impede new competition in the terrestrial radio space. HD Radio has several critical shortfalls: it causes interference and degradation to existing analog radio signals; does not have the capability to actually advance the utility of radio beyond extant quality/performance metrics; and is a wholly proprietary technology from transmission to reception. Despite substantive evidence in the record clearly warning of HD Radio’s fundamental detriments, the dominant actors in the policy dialogue were able to quell these concerns by dint of their economic might and through intensive backstage discourse directly with the Federal Communications Commission. Since its official proliferation in 2002, HD Radio’s growth has stagnated; some early-adopter stations are actually abandoning the protocol and receiver penetration is abysmal. As a result, the future of HD Radio is quite uncertain. Domestically, the entire process of HD Radio’s regulatory approval can be seen as a capstone in the history of communications regulation which favors neoliberal ideology over empirical engineering data and a vocal public interest. However, the apparent failure of digital radio is not confined to the United States: the dilemma of DAB’s adoptive weakness is a global and technologically agnostic phenomenon. Perhaps this says something about the inherent necessity of digitizing radio, and invites significant confusion over the future identity of “radio” as we know it today. If DAB were to fail, the outcome would invite entirely new ways of thinking about the future of broadcasting in a convergent media environment.


8 Responses

  1. John, of course, is honcho of the DIYmedia blog (link on right), and he’s now accepted a faculty position in the Department of Television and Radio at Brooklyn College, to begin this fall. In addition, he’ll also be the director of the department’s Broadcast Journalism program and will oversee the Summer Broadcast News Institute. Good luck in the Big Apple, John.

  2. All right. Way to go, John.

  3. “HD Radio is a blocking mechanism proffered to impede new competition in the terrestrial radio space.”

    HD Radio was designed to marginalize the smaller broadcasters through adjacent-channel interference and confiscatory iBiquity licensing and ongoing fees. iBiquity is attempting to localize radio by forcing listeners onto their local HD Radio stations, only. John is our version of the UK’s Grant Goddard, and we thank them for the time spent calling out these digital radio scams.

  4. Yeah, that’s my dissertation, all right. To be significantly reconfigured and published as a book by Routledge in late 2013. Feel free to download and read, I’d love the feedback as I work to make it book-worthy. See

  5. Did you hear about the HD station that got knocked off the air?…. Neither did anyone else!

  6. HD radio seems to be one of those things that just won’t go away tho. I hadn’t heard anything about it for months and then a couple of weeks ago there was an announcement that the jazz programming on WDUQ at Duquesne U was being shuffled off to an HD signal. As if WDUQ listeners haven’t suffered enough from PRC etc. And then a couple of days after that KDRP here in the Austin area announced it had acquired an HD channel as well. KDRP is hoping to use HD as a way of getting it’s LPFM signal into the Austin metro area, but what good is a signal if no one is tuning in on HD?

  7. Why does this not surprise me?

    Although, I do have to admit that I have switched to internet radio to listen to proper public broadcasitng–The BBC. The World Service is still the best in public broadcasting.

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